Application Process for Canadian Visa
The Canada visa application process depends on each individual case. One way is coming to Canada as a skilled foreign worker on a temporary work permit. The other pathway is applying for a permanent residence through one of the federal or provincial immigration programs.
Temporary Work Permit
If you are a foreign worker planning to work in Canada, then you must obtain a temporary work permit. This is the most essential component as you are working on the work permit application process. While most temporary work-permits require a job offer and a Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA), there are situations when foreigners might be exempt from these two requirements.
But you can definitely consider this opportunity if you have skills and experience in occupations which are in high demand in Canada. And these are not necessarily high-tech occupations. Given the aging population of Canada, the country needs all kinds of high-skilled and low-skilled foreign workers that can fill available positions. This is why the Canadian government is ready to accelerate the application process of those immigrants that can immediately meet the needs of the Canadian labor market.
Also, there are temporary work permits for specific workers. For example, Canada offers work permit programs for caregivers, business people, and agricultural workers.
It is important to keep in mind that you can’t stay in Canada permanently under this type of permit. Once the validity of your work permit expires, you have to leave the country, even if you are tempted to remain in the country illegally. The best solution is to apply through one of the immigration programs from your home country. Candidates with at least one year of Canadian work experience stand a better chance of getting their immigration application approved.
Permanent Residence Visa
Each year, thousands of people receive Canadian permanent residence. They do that through immigration programs that allow them to legally acquire their permanent residence status.
A Canadian permanent residency gives an individual the same rights and obligations as Canadian citizens. To apply for a permanent residency, candidates must have been residing in Canada 730 days during the last five years and these days don’t need to be uninterrupted. After three years of Canadian residency, permanent residents can pursue the application process for Canadian citizenship. Noteworthy, there’s no need for newcomers to give up their current passports because Canada allows dual citizenship.
Canada Immigration Programs
The Immigration, Refugee and Citizenship Canada runs six main immigration streams. These streams are:
- Federal Skilled Worker Program
- Quebec Skilled Worker Program
- Provincial Nominee Programs
- Family Sponsorship
- Business Immigration
- Canadian Experience Class
Therefore, it is important to determine an applicant’s eligibility, whether he or she can apply as an immigrant, visitor, worker or a student in Canada. Here is a short description of each of the immigration programs. For more information about eligibility criteria and application process, follow the links.
Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
The Federal Experience Program (FSWP) under the Express Entry System is an economic immigration stream. Skilled workers willing to relocate to Canada can apply for the FSWP to receive Canadian permanent residency.
After submitting your application, your skills, education and many other factors will be evaluated based on the CRS ranking system. You should obtain at least 67 points from the 100-point grid.
Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP)
The province of Quebec has its Skilled Worker Program to select immigrants that can contribute to the economic development of the province. Unlike the federal government, which processes all applications through the Express Entry, the Quebec government uses Arrima portal instead. Therefore, if you want to start the application process for the Quebec Skilled Worker Program, you must submit the Expression of Interest in the Arrima system.
To be eligible for the QSWP, you must obtain at least 50 points as a single applicant and 59 if you are applying together with your spouse. Quebec also selects applicants based on their professional as well as personal characteristics.
Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs)
Each province and territory in Canada, except Nunavut and Quebec, run their own immigration streams. So you can get a nomination to permanent residency from one of the Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs). The PNPs are aligned to the Express Entry system, which fast-tracks applications of candidates who receive the highest CRS score.
Permanent residents can initiate the application process to bring their family members to Canada. In fact, they sponsor them for a Canadian permanent residence. Close relatives that qualify under the Family Sponsorship Program are spouses and common-law partners, parents and grandparents, and dependent children.
Foreign entrepreneurs willing to invest or start a business in Canada can choose the business immigration stream that suits them best. For example, if you can secure commitment-support from a designated Canadian venture capital fund or business incubator, consider a Start-Up Visa Program. Or, you can come to Canada as a self-employed person who is able to contribute to athletic or cultural life in Canada. Individuals with management experience in farming can buy and manage a farm in Canada.
Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
International students and skilled workers who already have Canadian work experience and want to become permanent residents can apply for a Canadian Experience Class. Applicants require to have at least one year of full-time skilled work experience in Canada. The application process covers additional eligibility requirements, including legal status in the country and the ability to speak either English or French.