Canada Federal Skilled Worker Program
The Federal Skilled Worker Program is one of the immigration streams of Canada. It's designed for foreign skilled workers who want to become permanent residents in Canada.
All candidates for the Federal Skilled Worker should submit their application through the Express Entry immigration selection pool. So qualified applicants, first of all, should create a profile in the Express Entry system.
Federal Skilled Worker candidates receive a score under the Express Entry’s Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) based on the information provided in their profile. There’s a total of 1,200 points available under the CRS.
Once in a while, the Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) issues Invitations to Apply (ITAs) for top candidates who receive the highest ranking score. Unsuccessful candidates can improve their score to increase chances of getting into the next draw of invitations.
Federal Skilled Worker Program Requirements
These are the following requirements:
- Minimum one year of continuous full-time or equivalent paid work experience (1,560 hours) in the past 10 years in a skilled occupation under National Occupation Classification skill level 0 (managerial jobs), A (professional jobs) or B (tech jobs and skilled trades); or
- Obtain a permanent job offer from a Canadian employer together with a Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). It isn’t a must requirement, but candidates with a job offer receive additional points.
- Pass a minimum required language level in English or French.
- A completed credential, and an Educational Credential Assessment report from an approved agency showing that your education is equal to a completed certificate, diploma or degree from a Canadian secondary or post-secondary school.
- Sufficient settlement funds to support yourself, and any dependent family members, unless you obtain a job offer or already have the right to work in Canada;
- Evidence of a completed medical check-up;
- Applicants must obtain a security clearance.
What You Must Know About the Federal Skilled Worker Program
The Federal Skilled Worker Program evaluates candidates on different factors. The highest score is 100. Consider these:
Federal Skilled Worker Selection Factors
- Education – up to 25 points
- Language Skills – up to 28 points
- Work Experience – up to 15 points
- Age – up to 12 points
- Arranged Employment – up to 10 points
- Adaptability – up to 10 points
You have to acquire at least 67 points or more to be eligible for the Federal Skilled Worker Program. If you can satisfy all the requirements, then you can submit a profile in the Express Entry system, where you will be evaluated on the basis of a different system (CRS).
Candidates with a lower score, cannot apply for the Federal Skilled Worker Program. Low scores imply a failure to meet criteria. Nevertheless, you can try improving your profile. For example, improve language skills, obtain another degree, diploma or certificate or obtain a job offer from a Canadian employer.
Important to keep in mind, foreign workers that plan to become permanent residents of Quebec, must apply to the government of Quebec for a Quebec Selection Certificate. The province of Quebec manages its own immigration program outside the federal Express Entry under a special agreement with the Government of Canada.
Inadmissibility - Canada Federal Skilled Worker Program
Another important thing you need to consider - inadmissibility. There are reasons why you may be denied entry to Canada, such as security, criminal or medical reasons.
Usually, if you are inadmissible to Canada, you will be prohibited to enter the country. However, with a valid reason to travel to Canada, the government might issue you a temporary residence permit.
If you have been convicted of a crime, you have options to overcome your inadmissibility.
Serious crime also assumes driving under the influence, which includes driving under cannabis. This means you won’t be allowed to enter or stay in Canada unless you get a temporary resident permit. Additionally, you’ll have to pay the processing fee for the permit, and it doesn’t guarantee you’ll be admissible to Canada.
A permit will be granted to you for the exact period of your stay in Canada. For example, three days to participate in a conference. Upon the expiration date of the permit, you must leave Canada or renew the current one before it expires.
Federal Skilled Worker Program Vs the Provincial Nominee Programs
Many potential immigrants to Canada want to know about the difference between the Express Entry Skilled Worker Program and the provincial nominee programs. That is, they want to understand whether it is better to apply as a skilled worker under the Federal Express Entry or a specific provincial nominee program.
It is important to keep in mind that the Federal Skilled Worker Class is a federal program run by the federal government of Canada. On the contrary, the provincial nominee programs are run by the individual provinces.
Federal Skilled Worker and the Provincial Nominee Programs
When it comes to similarities, both are employer driven programs. This translates to the necessity to select international skilled workers with the needs of the Canadian labor force in a particular province. In general, candidates under both programs are required to secure a job offer. Additionally, Canadian employers must present a special document called LMIA – approval from the Canadian government to hire workers from abroad.
Despite similarities, obviously, there are differences as well. Usually, the provincial programs target candidates with a job offer while the federal express entry programs focus on specific requirements. For example, language skills or a certain occupational skill. For this reason, the provincial programs might be a solution for those who don’t have enough points under the Express Entry Federal Skilled Worker Program because of inadequate language skills or insufficient education.
Likewise, the requirements might differ by provinces. Each provincial program sets its own requirements to stimulate the economy of a particular province. Keep in mind that through the provincial programs you have more opportunities rather than via the Federal Skilled Worker Program. Often, potential candidates who cannot accumulate enough points under the Federal Skilled Worker Program can be eligible for more than one of the provincial streams.