This the western province of Canada with a population of around 3,790,200 is the 4th largest province in Canada. Alberta borders with the provinces of British Columbia to the west and Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories to the north, and the US state of Montana to the south. Alberta received its current status as a province in the year 1905.
Edmonton is Alberta’s capital. The most populous cities in Alberta are Calgary, Edmonton, Fort McMurray, Red Deer, and Lethbridge.
Alberta’s economy has a growing energy industry, which accounts for one in every 15 jobs in the province. Due to technological advances, this sector will be expanding. Apart from the energy industry, there’s also a manufacturing and forestry industry. Large farming and ranching are traditional industries.
Alberta has an abundance of lakes and rivers, which result in irrigation and hydroelectric power. Although the ecological damage caused by these projects has brought about widespread controversy. As a matter of fact, private industries develop natural resources under provincial and federal regulation.
The manufacturing sector in Alberta largely focuses on the processing of primary goods. The leading industries are food-processing (especially meat products), chemicals, petroleum, and wood-related products. Metal fabrication and the manufacture of machinery and equipment also play an important role. There are significant developments in the telecommunication, biotechnology, and pharmaceutical industries. Construction is extremely important, too, though it is much affected by economic developments in the local petroleum industry.
About one-third of Alberta’s land area is exploited for agricultural purposes. In fact, almost half of that agricultural land is used for crops and the remainder to raise livestock. The main crops are wheat, barley, and other grains, including hay and rapeseed (canola). Specialty crops such as sugar beet, potatoes, peas, and mustard seed are important. Beef cattle dominate livestock production, but pigs, poultry, and sheep are raised as well.
Forests cover more than one-half of the province’s territory. Aspen, white spruce, and pines are used for lumber, wafer board, newsprint, pulp, and paper. Alberta’s northern are a source of fishing, in general, of whitefish.
With a steady pace of economic growth in the province, Alberta is a great place to find employment. The unemployment rate of around 5.5% is below the national average. Salaries in the province depend on the employer, hours worked and educational qualifications, work experience, and other factors the position requires. Wages in Alberta are among the highest in Canada.
Calgary, in particular, has become a financial center, with a swelling number of corporate headquarters located there. Thanks to the province’s vibrant economy, unemployment rates in Alberta were among the lowest in Canada and below the national average at the end of the 20th century and the start of the 21st century.
Alberta immigration Helpful Links
Once in Canada, you have to take into account that despite plentiful sources, many jobs are still hidden. It means there are jobs you won’t be able to find in the advertisement. You’ll have to make people know about yourself, that is, attend job fairs, contact employers, meet new people. One of the best ways to secure Canadian work experience is volunteering. You can find volunteer opportunities here.
If you see you have all the skills to apply to get a work permit, then you need to consider a few things. First, this is a Social Insurance Number without which you won’t be able to start working in Canada. Secondly, you will need to get your credentials assessed by the Canadian Center for International Credentials. Similarly, you need to check whether your occupation needs a Red Seal certification. Finally, ensure your English or French language skills meet at least minimum standards. If you pass these steps, then as a foreign worker, you’ll need to find a Canadian employer who will be willing to secure for you a job offer so you can start the work permit application process.
Education in Alberta
In Canada, all citizens and permanent residents under the age of 20 have access to free education until the end of high school through the public school system. When immigrants move to Alberta, their children can choose from several different schools, all funded by tax dollars and without fees. Apart from the main public school system, there are, also francophone schools for education in French, as well as a Catholic school system.
Alberta also has online education programs and other alternative schools available as educational options. Some people in the province send their children to private schools. The vast majority, however, use public schools, which are of high quality.
Alberta’s publicly funded post-secondary education system has a total of 26 institutions, including four universities with a total of over 115,000 full- and part-time students. The province’s per student and per capita spending on basic education remains among the highest in Canada.
Albertans pay on average $5,700 per year on tuition for post-secondary education. This rate is among the highest in Canada. The government of Alberta, however, offers several programs to support students’ education after they complete a high school.
Immigrants who have settled in the province contributed to Alberta's unique culture. The one will find in the province the culture, cuisine, music, and arts of all communities from around the world. Edmonton is famous for beautiful festivals and cowboys. The biggest festival here is the annual Calgary Stampede.
Tourists can find here symphony orchestras and Chinatowns, and even the detached oil sands community of Fort McMurray enjoys the performances at its Northern Lights Theater.
Alberta Main Cities
Calgary is the largest city in Alberta and the fifth-largest metropolitan area in Canada. It is also home to a diverse, multicultural array of residents. While the majority of residents associate with European heritage, people from all over the world live in Calgary. Some, notably large communities are the Chinese-Canadian population and the South Asian population. The Aboriginal, Filipino and Latin American communities in the city are also large and growing. Calgary is famous for its mix of quality of life with economic growth. These impressive factors continue to draw newcomers to the city each year.
Edmonton is the capital of the Province of Alberta, and the sixth-largest city in Canada, just slightly smaller than Calgary. While the city is home to over 1 million people, the city has a very low population density, covering 684 square kilometers. This large land area provides the city with a large amount of green space, a major attraction of the city.
Housing in Alberta
Apartment spacious buildings are usually owned by one person or company available for rent. Studio assumes one room with a kitchen area and bathroom for one person. Families can find a larger apartment with more space, such as additional bedrooms, etc. A large multi-unit building where each unit belongs to the inhabitant is called a condominium, and each unit is called a condo.
The so-called “town-houses” represent a row of houses, which can be separated or individual.
Most families choose to rent an apartment in the suburbs because housing is cheaper there. In addition, neighborhoods outside the city are safe and really friendly. In the countryside, housing is even more affordable. So if you plan to purchase a vehicle, it can be a good option for your family.
The choice of your future home will depend on your place of work, finances and other factors.
Alberta Immigration Nominee Program (AINP)
The Alberta Opportunity Stream and Alberta Express Entry began replacing the former Employer-Driven Program and Strategic Recruitment Program.
Currently, the AINP has three streams:
Alberta Opportunity Stream
The Alberta Opportunity Stream is designed for foreign workers in Canada with a valid work permit. This work permit should match an eligible occupation with an LMIA (Labor Market Impact Assessment) requirement or without if an applicant works under one of the international agreements that allow the LMIA exemption.
While international students with a Post-Graduation work permit can participate in the stream, they must also meet additional requirements. These include a minimum one-year post-graduate diploma, undergraduate bachelor’s degree, graduate-level certificate, etc.
Eligible candidates must be residing in Alberta province and work in an eligible occupation in the province or work in a field that matches their previous work experience. Important to note that the majority of occupations under the National Occupation Classification (NOC) skill levels 0, A, B, C, and D are eligible under the AINP. There are a number of ineligible occupations and applicants should check with the Alberta Information Service to see if their occupation is on the list.
As for the requirements under the AOS, candidates must meet specific education, language, work experience, and job offer requirements.
Alberta Express Entry
The Alberta Express Entry Stream nominates a certain number of qualified immigrants. Commonly, eligible candidates are those who can demonstrate a strong connection to Alberta. To apply for the AINP, you must open a profile in the federal Express Entry system and only those, who the province sends a Notification of Interest will be considered.
To wrap up, applicants must have an active Express Entry profile, demonstrate the intention to live in Alberta permanently, work in the eligible occupation, and have at least 300 points under the Comprehensive Ranking System. Additional factors, such as Alberta job offer, an Alberta post-secondary diploma and having a close relative in Alberta will increase your chances to receive the provincial nomination.
Self-employed Farmer Stream
If you have an existing farm business, proof of relevant education and work experience and a proposed business plan for the farming enterprise, you might apply for the Self-Employed Farmer Stream.
A minimum investment amount is $500,000, including at least a $500,000 accessible net worth. In some cases, you might be asked to invest the amount, which exceeds a minimum requirement.