Manitoba is the sunniest province in Canada, with a huge number of lakes and rivers on its territory. It was because of its huge ponds that the province gained such name. There are several theories concerning the origin of the name, but all of them, more or less, are related to lakes.
The province of Manitoba is neighboring with Nunavut and the Northwest Territories and the provinces of Ontario and Saskatchewan and also borders Minnesota and North Dakota - the northern American states. The access to the sea through the Hudson Bay played a huge role in the history and economy of the province. The seaport in Churchill provides the shortest route for cargo tankers from Europe, Russia, and Asia. This contributed to the development of railroads and highways connecting Canada with the United States.
It should also be noted that Manitoba is almost the only territory in Canada with a huge number of indigenous reservations. Many of them are involved in the political life of the country. And, of course, they serve as a center for preserving the culture and traditions of the ancient tribes. It is in this province that one can find a peculiar symbiosis of two cultures: Indian and European.
Transport occupies an important role in the economy of the province, but it is far from dominating. Manitoba is an agricultural province, providing Canada with grain and meat (pork and beef). The lack of large production facilities has a positive impact on the province's ecology, but it also results in low economic growth rates as well as the level of incomes of its population, which is about 1,200 million inhabitants.
Manitoba is one of the few provinces where a large part of the population lives in the same city (and its suburbs). Winnipeg is the economic, political and cultural center of this agricultural province. The other largest city of Manitoba - Brandon - is young, but rapidly developing.
In addition to agriculture in Manitoba, the most promising fields of the economy are forestry, mining industry represented by nickel mines, power stations. Tourism plays an important role in the economy, natural resources, abundance of ocean species with colorful national parks attracting a lot of people. But the main landmark that attracts tourists is the world observation center for polar animals - beluga and polar bears.
The province of Manitoba offers lots of employment opportunities. The minimum hourly wage is $ 11,35, though, many employers provide higher wages.
Notably, young people aged between 13-15 have right to work. Moreover, they have the same rights and obligations as other employees, for example, minimum wage, vacation pay, general holiday pays and other rights. Of course, before they are allowed to work, they should present a Certificate of Completion signed by their parent or guardian. In addition, according to the Employment Standards, there are certain restrictions on where they can work to protect them from potential harm.
Basically, most of the local population can find work without much trouble in Manitoba. And not only locals but newcomers as well. Every year, around 15,000 immigrants land in Manitoba.
A recent study revealed that 85 percent of Manitoba nominees were working 3-4 months after arrival; 76 percent bought homes within five years and 95 percent of families settled permanently in the community.
This is possible due to the consistently strong and stable economy in the Canadian province of Manitoba. A wide range of Manitoba’s growing industries and economic sectors keeps its employment rate stable. Additionally, with the low cost of living in Manitoba and efficient health care and education services, the province offers an affordable, high-quality lifestyle.
The provincial government forecasts a labor shortage by 2020. It means that the province is ready to admit more skilled workers, tradespeople and professionals in-demand through its Provincial Nominee Programs.
Manitoba Immigration Helpful Links
Those willing to find a job in Manitoba can avail many online resources. A very common resource for job search is Job Bank. Employment Manitoba and Finding Work in Manitoba help to prepare for and find work.
Additionally, check job openings in local newspapers or contact the HR departments of the organization where you would like to work. As a newcomer, you can take advantage of the Manitoba Start, which is an excellent service to help you put your skills to work and find a good job in the province. Check out also Manitoba Supported Employment Network.
Once in Canada, you have to take into account that despite plentiful sources, many jobs are still hidden. It means there are jobs you won’t be able to find in the advertisement. You’ll have to make people know about yourself, that is, attend job fairs, contact employers, meet new people. One of the best ways to secure Canadian work experience is volunteering. You can find volunteer opportunities here.
If you see you have all the skills to apply to get a work permit, then you need to consider a few things. First, this is a Social Insurance Number without which you won’t be able to start working in Canada. Secondly, you will need to get your credentials assessed by the Canadian Center for International Credentials. Similarly, you need to check whether your occupation needs a Red Seal certification. Finally, ensure your English or French language skills meet at least minimum standards. If you pass these steps, then as a foreign worker, you’ll need to find a Canadian employer who will be willing to secure a job offer for you so you can start the work permit application process.
There are more than a dozen universities and colleges, where you can find a suitable program, starting from a mechanic, nurse or administrator to an engineer, a doctor, an international business specialist. The cost of training and the cost of living is lower than, for example, in Toronto. There are flexible immigration policy and the need for new migrants, especially young professionals. But Manitoba is also one of the provinces famous for its provincial immigration program, which continues to operate successfully along with the federal program Express Entry. The province is waiting for new residents and there are many employment possibilities for future agrarians, engineers, doctors, nurses, teachers, kindergarten teachers, and mechanics. And this list is far from complete.
There are many French-speaking Canadians in Manitoba. There is a French-speaking university, French cultural centers, many good schools under the French Immersion program.
Do you know that Winnie the Pooh was born here? During the First World War, Lieutenant Garry Coulbourne of the Canadian army bought a bear in Ontario near the White River and named it Winnie, so his hometown is Winnipeg. Vinnie was the favorite of the whole regiment, but when troops were camped in London, the authorities ordered to get rid of the bear, and he had to be moved to the London Zoo.
First Nations communities are best preserved beneath Manitoba’s prairies and wilderness and hide Canada’s richest art scenes, so it contains a variety of immigrant cultures. Manitoba’s Red River Jug brings together European reels, First Nations pow-wow music, and Metis fiddling.
The Royal Winnipeg Ballet has the longest history, which has been existing for a longer time than the other Northern American company. Winnipeg’s Centennial Concert Hall hosts Manitoba Opera and Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra performances. Canada’s oldest regional English theater, the Manitoba Theatre Center, and Canada’s oldest French-language theatre, Le Cercle Molière, both originated in Manitoba.
Manitoba Main Cities
Representatives of different nationalities live in the city, which defines the diversity of local culture and the friendliness of the indigenous people. There is "Chinatown" in Winnipeg and quarter called "Little Italy", and the French district - each of them has its own unique atmosphere. All travelers who have ever visited Winnipeg, highlight the friendly spirit of local communities. Literally, it is seen in everything, even car numbers have inscription "friendly Winnipeg", which makes newcomers smile and feel as at home.
The windiest point in the world is right in this city. It is located at the intersection of Portage and Main streets, the wind is always strong, even if the weather is calm and quiet. Winnipeg keeps amazing its visitors with unusual holidays and sights. The culture of this city is diverse and very interesting.
Thanks to French heritage, there are rich wine traditions. Therefore, at the end of April, there is an interesting festival dedicated to the divine drink of Bacchus. It's about the Winnipeg Wine Festival. In addition, during this festival, you can taste exquisite varieties of wine.
The aborigines are not forgotten. At the end of June, 339 Portage Avenue becomes the site for Aboriginal Day Live. Residents, as well as visitors, enjoy the interesting and rich cultural program, including traditional music of Indian tribes, presentation of their diverse culture. Another festival is called Nuit Blanche, and during which (late September) museums and galleries - can be visited free of charge.
Housing in Manitoba
Before you move to a new country, it is important to ensure a place to stay. If you have friends or relatives in Manitoba, you might plan to live with them. However, most people rent apartments, and you can choose to rent either a short-term or a long-term rental. The first two weeks you may choose to live in a temporary place. Use Yellow Pages, booking.com and expedia.com to find a list of hotels and motels.
Short-term places usually assume temporary housing. You can find many rooms with reasonable pricing. As for long-term rental, it’s a good option if you look for a permanent home. In both cases, you should make a reservation before you arrive.
Canada Immigration Helpful Information
The government of Manitoba has financial assistance programs for rentals. There are two types of programs. Subsidizing Housing allows families to pay only 27% of their total income. Manitobans with low income can qualify for the Rental Assist Program.
Online agencies that provide information about rental homes are divided into three categories: Winnipeg, rural areas, and student rental close to a college or university.
These are the following rental agencies of Winnipeg: Winnipeg Rental Network, Kijiji, RentBoard.ca, Rent Canada.
Neighborhoods of Winnipeggives complete information about the Winnipeg communities.
To obtain more information on buying and renting a home in Alberta visit the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC). CMHC also contains a very useful guide about housing for newcomers.
You can look for appropriate accommodation on Kijiji, Zoeken, and Craigslist. People with low income can take advantage of the Co-Operative Housing and affordable housing programs. In co-operative housing, some tenants cover rent based on their income, while others pay market price rent. The idea is they together share responsibility for the housing. Under the affordable housing, tenants pay rent based on their income.
Any property requires insurance. If something bad happens with your property, like damage, the insurance will cover the cost of repairs. In fact, banks will not proceed with a mortgage without insurance. You can search online for insurance agents and brokers.
If you choose to rent an apartment, you will have to pay your monthly rent, including utilities. You may need to pay additional costs for the parking place. As a rule, tenants must pay a security deposit, which they get back when they move out.
Pet lovers need to check with the landlord whether pets are legally allowed in the house they are planning to rent.
Many immigrants prefer to settle in Manitoba due to its low cost of living, good quality of life, and friendly community. One of the streams to immigrate to Canada is the Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program.
The first nominee program for immigrants was created in Manitoba - the Manitoba Provincial Nominee Program or MPNP. In 2018, the province celebrated the 20th anniversary of launching its provincial nominee stream. Through MPNP, Manitoba has already embraced more than 130,00 immigrants.
Other Canadian provinces followed the same steps and created their own provincial nominee programs or PNPs. Quebec is the only province that doesn’t have a PNP.
The following programs are available in Manitoba:
Skilled Workers in Manitoba
The MPNP for Skilled Workers in Manitoba nominates applicants who will be able to successfully establish themselves in the province. This will depend on their employment and sufficient skills, education and training, work experience and official language proficiency.
All applicants must submit a Settlement Plan. This is an explanation of how they are going to make a positive contribution to Manitoba.
Graduates of Manitoba post-secondary educational institutions can apply for the program as well. Eligible graduates must have a job offer from Manitoba employer - at least six months of continuous full-time employment on a valid post-graduation work permit.
The main requirement under the Manitoba Skilled Worker is having a long-term job offer from a Canadian employer. And prior to that, the candidate must have been working for the Manitoban employer at least one year.
Skilled Workers Overseas
The PNP for the Skilled Workers Overseas nominates applicants who will be able to successfully establish themselves in the province. This includes their strong connections with Manitoba through education, previous work experience, and relatives. All applicants must submit a Settlement Plan. This is an explanation of how they are going to make a positive impact on the economy of Manitoba.
The main requirement under the Skilled Workers Overseas is demonstrating proof of your connection to the province. Another word, you have to provide documents stating you have a close relative or friend in Manitoba who can support you.
Manitoba Business Investor Stream
The Business Investor Stream allows Manitoba to nominate eligible business investors and entrepreneurs from around the world who want to settle permanently in Manitoba through the opening or acquiring a business in the province.
Applicants can choose from two available pathways: The Entrepreneur Pathway and The Farm Investor Pathway. It is important that business applicants invest in an enterprise that can create jobs in Manitoba.
International Education Stream
The International Education Stream offers three pathways: Career Employment Pathway, Graduate Internship Pathway, and International Student Entrepreneur Pilot. Unfortunately, graduates from another province of Canada will not be eligible under this stream. However, they can qualify under the Skilled Worker in Manitoba Stream.
While the Career Employment Pathway requires a job offer, the Graduate Internship Pathway doesn’t. The International Student Entrepreneur Pilot is for Manitoba graduates who plan to pursue business activities rather than employment.
These pathways are processed through the Express Entry. Candidates must submit their application in this pool. Those with a strong tie to Manitoba and work experience in a profession or occupation which is in-demand will have all the chances of successful immigration.