New Brunswick Location
New Brunswick, along with Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island, is the Atlantic province of Canada. It was from these seaside regions that the development and colonization of the region began long ago. The first Europeans appeared here in the XV century - they were Basque fishermen. Then, in 1534, the expedition of Jacques Cartier, studying the Atlantic coast of Canada, approached the eastern coast of New Brunswick.
And, finally, the first colony appeared in 1604 by the French, who arrived with de Champlain. Thus New France was born. Throughout the century, with varying success, the British and French fought for this land, indigenous people involved in the conflict - the tribes of the Mikmakov, Abenaki and Beothuk. In this confrontation, according to the peace treaty of 1713 England received Acadia.
The eastern territory of New Brunswick, washed by the ocean, adjoins the Island of Prince Edward - the famous Confederate bridge erected over the Northumberland Strait, provides a link between the two provinces. In the north and center of New Brunswick, the spurs of the Appalachians rise, in the southeast lowlands dominate, and the south is decorated with Caledonian hills framing the picturesque Bay of Fundy - one of the best national parks of the continent.
A significant part of New Brunswick is occupied by rivers and lakes. The local landscapes are so beautiful that this Canadian province is called a "picture". The region's economy is also largely based on inland water resources - water bodies and rivers are full of fish: sturgeon, trout, perch, salmon, herring, roach and many other species. The largest river of the province is St. John, its basin covers about half of the entire territory, and the most important cities are situated on its shores: Edmondson, St. John and the capital Fredericton. In addition, there are many small towns and villages.
New Brunswick Economy
There are rich deposits of minerals, including gold, copper, silver, coal, peat, natural gas and many others. Advanced woodworking industry in New Brunswick exports wood and finished furniture. There are also a lot of oil refineries and shipbuilding enterprises, pulp and food products are produced, peat is being developed, which provides New Brunswick with a leading position in the energy sector. A significant share in the economy belongs to agriculture and fisheries. Famous choice potatoes are exported to the USA and Europe, and the annual potato festival attracts thousands of tourists.
Manufacturing has been progressing in recent years, resulting in many vacancies Leading the manufacturing industries are food and beverages, followed by pulp and paper furniture, metal processing and transportation equipment. Tourism has been a major source of job creation in the last decade.
New Brunswick Employment
A lot of people work in the service sector and manufacturing, but tourism is the primary service industry. The province boasts of natural and cultural attractions which attract international visitors. New Brunswick’s sophisticated telephone system and bilingual workforce result in the growing telemarketing industry with call centers in main towns and cities. Plus, the federal government puts great emphasis on the enhancement of the information technology industry via its National Research Council.
Employment rates in the province depend on a particular season. In overall, levels of employment rates improved over the past twenty years. The recent analysis from Labor Market Bulletin shows that the annual advancement in the labor market was quite enthusiastic. 3,000 more people found jobs compared to April of 2017. On top of that, the majority of workers worked full-time employment.
Despite the bright side, New Brunswick is facing a serious labor shortage in many remote regions. So the federal government relies on the new human resource to solve the problem of the aging population with a collateral lack of skilled workers. The number of newcomers is expected to increase significantly.
A thorough analysis of the New Brunswick Multicultural Council (NBMC) reveals that by 2026 the province might face a drop of 110,200 workers. To eliminate this trend, the federal government of Canada will collaborate with the province. The ultimate goal is to raise the New Brunswick population to 1 percent each year. This will be twice more compared to previous years. The federal government together with the province has tasked to attract more foreign workers willing to settle in Canada.
New Brunswick Helpful Links
Those willing to find a job in New Brunswick, can avail of many online resources. A very common resource for job search is Job Bank.
Additionally, check job openings in local newspapers or contact the HR departments of organization where you would like to work. On NBjobs you can attend virtual job fairs, find out information about youth employment and much more.
Once in Canada, you have to take into account that despite plentiful sources, many jobs are still hidden. It means there are jobs you won’t be able to find in the advertisement. You’ll have to make people know about yourself, that is, attend job fairs, contact employers, meet new people. One of the best ways to secure Canadian work experience is volunteering. You can find volunteer opportunities here.
If you see you have all the skills to apply to get a work permit, then you need to consider a few things. First, this is a Social Insurance Number without which you won’t be able to start working in Canada. Secondly, you will need to get your credentials assessed by the Canadian Center for International Credentials. Similarly, you need to check whether your occupation needs a Red Seal certification. Finally, ensure your English or French language skills meet at least minimum standards. If you pass these steps, then as a foreign worker, you’ll need to find a Canadian employer who will be willing to secure for you a job offer so you can start the work permit application process.
New Brunswick Education
New Brunswick plays an important historical role in the development of higher education in Canada because it was in this province that the first English-language University of New Brunswick in the country was first opened. Moreover, the Provincial University of Mount Ellison was the first to award a bachelor's degree to women. Currently, the province of New Brunswick can be an excellent place of study for international students who are oriented to receive a quality education with an affordable cost of living.
About eight hundred thousand people live in the province of New Brunswick, of which about five thousand are foreign students. The largest cities of New Brunswick - Fredericton, Moncton and St. John - are also the educational centers of the province.
If you have enrolled in a long program at any New Brunswick school, your children may be eligible for free schooling at a general education school. This helps parents save tens of thousands of dollars.
After graduation, you will be eligible for a post-graduation work permit, which will allow you to officially work in Canada.
New Brunswick Culture
Pays de la Sagouine and the Kings Landing Historical Settlement in Prince William are New Brunswick’s two most breathtaking living museums to Acadian and Loyalist cultures. New Brunswick’s Mi’kmaq culture, on the other hand, is best evident at Metepenagiag, the province’s oldest community. Its history goes back as far as to more than 3,000 years. Evidence of Metepenagiag’s was revealed after the 1972 discovery of the Augustine Mound.
New Brunswick’s provincial capital, Fredericton, boasts a large percentage of architectural gems, in particular, within the city’s Historic Garrison District with a view on the Saint John River. New Brunswick’s official provincial art museum, the Beaverbrook Art Gallery has an extensive exhibition of art pieces. The city also has The Symphony New Brunswick orchestra and the Moncton’s Atlantic Ballet Theatre. In fact, it’s the only professional ballet troupe in any of the Atlantic Canadian provinces. Local pubs offer live music, which gives its visitors a glimpse of the New Brunswick culture.
New Brunswick Main Cities
Italian explorer John Cabot triggered great interest in New Brunswick (after traveling in 1497 on behalf of King Henry VII of England) when he described "the sea is replete with fish so that if you simply throw a basket in it, you will get it back with the fish." Cabot initiated mass resettlement in the New World, and St. Johns became the center of fishing and one of the most ancient and lively settlements. Fishing, oil exploration works are underway, ships from hundreds of countries come to the port. Residents of St. John's are known for their hospitality.
Fredericton is capital of New Brunswick. The city was named in honor of Frederick - the second son of the English King George III. The population is 56, 000 people, with the suburbs - about 95,000.
The climate in the city is moderately continental, softened by the influence of the Atlantic Ocean. Winter is cold and snowy, the summer is warm and rainy.
Fredericton is less susceptible to immigration than most capitals of other Canadian provinces, however, its population is increasing. About 99% of citizens communicate in English, while every fourth is fluent in the second official language of the province - French.
Moncton is quiet, calm, but at the same time quite developed and interesting. This city seems to be a friendly and quiet place. Perhaps, that is why there is rather an intensive population growth in Moncton.
This city is located on the Ptikodyak River in the southeast of New Brunswick. Moncton is the second largest city in the province after St. John. The population of the city is almost 65,000 people. Different ethnic groups live here, but most of all there are Anglophones (63.1%), second place is occupied by Francophones (33.1%).
The nature in Moncton is amazing – these are excellent parks and magnificent woodlands. Winters are cold and snowy.
The city lies at the junction of highways and railways. There are industries like textile, machine construction, metalworking, and food. As for education, the city has a Moncton University. This is the most important French university in the province of New Brunswick. There are also three branches that are located in Moncton, Edmondson, and Shippagan. The instruction language is French. The core students are Franco-Acadians. Every year Moncton attracts many tourists who come and become amazed by the natural beauties of Canada, its famous national parks and other attractions.
Housing in New Brunswick
One of the reasons people decide to move to New Brunswick is because here they can afford to buy a home.
Unlike other provinces, New Brunswick’s housing prices are low; the cost of living is inexpensive, and traffic and commutes to work and school is very convenient.
Home-search either for rent or purchase requires certain considerations. First, this is the location. Think about how you and your family plan to get to work/school. Also, the type of community you want to live in. So all these factors matter. As for housing costs, they vary depending on the city and neighborhood.
You can choose from different types of accommodation in New Brunswick. Apartment buildings are spacious and, usually, have one landlord. Studio assumes one room with a kitchen area and bathroom for one person. Families can find a larger apartment with more space, such as additional bedrooms, etc. A large multi-unit building where each unit belongs to the inhabitants is a condominium, and each unit is called a condo. The so-called “townhouses” represent a row of houses, which can be separated or individual.