Newfoundland and Labrador Location
Newfoundland and Labrador is the most eastern province in Canada situated at the north-eastern part of North America.The Strait of Belle Isle divides the province into two geographical territories: Labrador, which represents a large area of mainland Canada, and Newfoundland, an island in the Atlantic Ocean. There are over 7,000 small islands in the province. The population of the province stood at 528, 817 as of July 2017.
Newfoundland and Labrador Economy
Many sectors in Newfoundland and Labrador are growing, including offshore oil, mining, aquaculture, and tourism. Export of goods and services demonstrates an increase of 1.6%, for the most part, due to export growth in crude oil and refined petroleum.
Historically, the fisheries were a Newfoundland’s main economic resource supported from the late 19th century by growing mining and forestry sectors. However, in the late 20th century the province’s fishing industry went into depression, like other primary industries. In the early 21st century, the Newfoundland economy returned to its normal pace. This became possible due to a combination of mineral extraction and growing tourism.
The energy sector will continue offering great potential for the provincial economy.
Newfoundland and Labrador Employment
Tourism is gaining importance, though it’s struggling because of the province’s remote location. Consequently, tourism is not the number one sector to provide employment. In this sense, other service sectors surpass it, which cover the largest number of the provincial workforce.
Many people work in retail and health care, though significant numbers are engaged in education, public administration, and various professional services. Women represent more than 50 percent of the workforce. The overall unemployment rate is significantly higher compared to the national average. The Newfoundland and Labrador Federation of Labor is the province’s largest labor organization, but it does not include all unionized workers.
The Hebron Oil Project and other project developments allow for capital investment. Every year, from 5,000 to 6,000 people come to Newfoundland and Labrador from other parts of Canada to work. The mediate weekly earnings rose by 1.7%, which is about $1,034 per week.
Those willing to find a job in Newfoundland and Labrador can avail of many online resources. A very common resource for job search is Job Bank.
Additionally, check job openings in local newspapers or contact the HR departments of the organization where you would like to work. Service Canada and the provincial Department of Education and Skills provides a number of services relevant to finding a job and choosing a career.
Newcomers who have immigrated to Newfoundland and Labrador should check out Axis Career Services. There are a few private recruitment agencies such as Advantage Group, Jump Recruitment Agencies,Levert Resources, and others.
Once in Canada, you have to take into account that despite plentiful sources, many jobs are still hidden. It means there are jobs you won’t be able to find in the advertisement. You’ll have to make people know about yourself, that is, attend job fairs, contact employers, meet new people. One of the best ways to secure Canadian work experience is volunteering. You can find volunteer opportunities here.
If you see you have all the skills to apply to get a work permit, then you need to consider a few things. First, this is a Social Insurance Number without which you won’t be able to start working in Canada. Secondly, you will need to get your credentials assessed by the Canadian Center for International Credentials. Similarly, you need to check whether your occupation needs a Red Seal certification. Finally, ensure your English or French language skills meet at least minimum standards. If you pass these steps, then as a foreign worker, you’ll need to find a Canadian employer who will be willing to secure for you a job offer so you can start the work permit application process.
Newfoundland and Labrador Education
Apart from kindergarten, early childhood and secondary schools, the province of Newfoundland and Labrador offer the Adult Basic Education Program and the General Educational Development (GED), which is a provincial high school standard for adult learners. The teaching is also offered in French and eligible school children can avail of a bursary to participate in summer programs.
The province's public post-secondary institutions are the Memorial University of Newfoundland and the College of the North Atlantic. The mediate tuition costs rank the second lowest in the country at around $2,600 per year. There are also a number of private and government-operated Career Colleges throughout the province. International students are more than welcome to come to this province.
Newfoundland and Labrador Culture
The distinctive culture of Newfoundland greatly relies on the traditional importance of fisheries. Most people live in coastal fishing villages, so the influence of this culture keeps on breathing. Newfoundland’s strong communities and a strong provincial identity were developed during the time when it was an independent dominion. Newfoundlanders are very friendly and this is why they are loved across Canada.
There are many festivals to celebrate. For example, the Trails Tunes festival in Gros Morne National Park is a great combination of outdoor entertainment and indoor activities. Elliston’s Roots, Rants and Roars can offer delicious cuisine and entertainment.
Live theater in Newfoundland and Labrador is very popular. Many visitors enjoy the Shakespeare by the Sea productions in St. John’s and Perchance Theater.
So there are many things to do and to celebrate in Newfoundland and Labrador.
Newfoundland and Labrador Main Cities
St. John’s, the provincial capital, is located on the island of Newfoundland. The city is the oldest settlement founded by the English in all of North America.
Famous explorer John Cabot arrived there in 1497. Back in the early 1600s, there had been a small settlement, but with the arrival of Spanish, Portuguese and French fishermen, the number of residents increased significantly.
The city suffered several attacks in naval conflicts as well as the great fire of 1892, but the persistent residents continued to rebuild.
St. John's is growing, especially since the increase in oil and gas exploration. Consequently, St. John's attracts the highest number of scientists and engineers of any city with a population under 1 million in North America.
Housing in Newfoundland and Labrador
You can choose from different housing options in St. John's. The list of available homes can be found on a few websites, for example, at the Canadian Real Estate Association MLS, Zolo, and Newfoundland Home Search.
MLS housing prices in St. John's are around $300,000. According to the Newfoundland and Labrador Association of Realtors, the mediate price of a home in the St. John's metro area comprised approximately $303,713 in 2018. The Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) has lots of resources for home buyers and owners, including housing information for newcomers in different languages.
Most people buy homes through bank or credit union mortgage. As there many available options, you might contact each bank or financial institution to find out about different rates. Or, you can hire a licensed mortgage broker.
Once you are ready to buy a home, you will have to take care of the paperwork with the help of a lawyer or notary. Your lawyer will make sure that money the seller gets his money, including other prepaid costs on the home, such as property taxes. Lawyers usually charge between 1.5 to 4 percent of the home selling price.
Finding suitable rental accommodations won’t be a problem, thanks to new building apartments recently in Newfoundland. The lists of rental apartments are advertised in the local daily newspaper The telegram. Other helpful websites Kijiji and Zoeken.
The price of a rental property in St. John's largely varies. It depends on the size of the residence and the amenities. According to the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation's (CMHC), the average monthly rent for a two-bedroom apartment in St. John's metro was $941 in 2018. Many rental agreements are made for one year, excluding utilities (heat and electricity). CMHC has very good information about a Guide to Renting a Home.
To obtain more information on buying and renting a home in Newfoundland and Labrador visit the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) and the Residential Tenancies section of New Brunswick.
Consider purchasing tenant insurance with a registered insurance company. It will protect you from occurrences as theft, fire, and natural disasters. Use Yellow Pages to find a list of lawyers and acquire information about reliable insurance companies and taxes.
If you choose to rent an apartment, you will have to pay your monthly rent, including utilities. You may need to pay additional costs for the parking place. As a rule, tenants must pay a security deposit, which they get back when they move out.
Pet lovers need to check with the landlord whether pets are legally allowed in the house they are planning to rent.
The Newfoundland and Labrador Provincial Nominee Program (NLPNP) is a provincial immigration program which exists under the agreement with the Government of Canada. Through PNP, the Province can select and nominate eligible international workers to work and live in Newfoundland and Labrador. Employers also can use NLPNP to hire international workers. The categories of the NLPNP for international candidates include:
The Express Entry Skilled Worker Category
The program is for qualified professionals who have been admitted by the federal Express Entry system.
To apply for the Express Entry Skilled Worker Program candidates must have a job offer from a Newfoundland and Labrador employer. The applicant also must provide a language test certificate (IELTS, CELPIP, or TEF Canada). And finally, candidates must have an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) of their high school diploma.
Based on the change from July 2017, applicants should only provide documents for accounts that show the minimum required value, not documents for all financial assets. And these savings must sit in the account for at least three months prior to submitting the PNP application.
The NLPNP Skilled Worker Category
The Provincial Skilled Worker Category is meant for individuals who have required skills, which are in high demand in Newfoundland and Labrador.
To apply for the programs, candidates must have a job offer or must be currently working in Newfoundland and Labrador on a valid work permit. The applicant also must provide a language test certificate (IELTS, CELPIP, or TEF Canada). In addition, candidates must have an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) of their education.
Refugee claimants who are awaiting the decision on their status can apply for the NLPNP Skilled Worker Stream. However, in order to qualify, they must have Canadian work experience.
The NLPNP International Graduate Category
The NLPNP International Graduate Category is open to international students who have graduated from a recognized post-secondary educational institution in Canada.
To qualify for the category, students must complete half of the studies in Canada or completed at least a two-year degree program. Graduates must also have a full-time job offer from the province’s employer. In some cases, they may need to undergo training and accreditation before they are allowed to work. Not the least, they should demonstrate the intention to settle permanently in the province and the ability to support themselves financially.
International graduates who hold an ownership share in a business for which they work can apply unless their ownership is over 10 percent.