Yukon is mountainous and remote. The name Yukon comes from the aboriginal word meaning “Big stream” – a river which runs through the 482,443 km2 province.
The population is less than 37, 000 and arctic climate which remains below the freezing point for 58% of the year. Because of the severe cold, many people chose to leave the province.
The territory borders on the west, by the US state of Alaska, the north by the Beaufort Sea, the east by the Northwest Territories, and the south by British Columbia.
Primary natural resources are lead, zinc, copper, and gold. Agriculture is small but is becoming an important industry in Yukon. Its economic growth derives from produce sales and supply to local markets.
12, 500 hectares are used for growing crop and grazing. Most of that land is spreading throughout major communities. 70% of Yukon’s farms are located within 100 kilometers of Whitehouse. The total amount of land devoted to agriculture is approximately 12,500 hectares. 40% of this land is cropland and another 20% is under development for future agricultural use.
Yukon greatly depends on hydro, wind and diesel combustion sources. Coal and gas resources still need development. There are 3 active natural gas wells, which are processed outside Yukon. Local residents use solar energy for heating, hot water, and electricity. Even biomass serves Yukon for space heating.
Forestry in Yukon is small. There a few small operators that produce lumber for local building, for mining timbers. Farming is possible in some regions, but because of the harsh climate, it isn’t a popular sector here.
Tourism in Yukon brings significant capital to the province. These are the main five tourism industries: transportation, accommodation, food and beverage services, recreation and entertainment, and travel services. A large portion of tourism businesses is private and mostly functions during certain seasons. For example, more than 80 percent if visitors arrive between May and September.
Yukon has one of the lowest unemployment rates in Canada and embraces newcomers every year. However, finding a job in Canada may be different from finding a job in your home country.
Before you start looking for work you need to determine what jobs you are qualified to do. You’ll have to consider your qualifications, skills, education, work experience, language ability. In addition, regulated professions require a license.
Yukon Immigration Helpful Links
Those willing to find a job in Yukon can avail of a few online resources. A very common resource for job search is Job Bank – the government website that helps you find jobs in any city of the province. YUWIN managed by the Whitehorse Chamber of Commerce is the most comprehensive source of job opportunities in Yukon.
You can also find a job through local newspapers Yukon News and Whitehorse Star. Physicians, nurses and other medical workers should check the following sites: Yukon Department of Health & Social Services, Yukon Hospital Corporation, and Yukon Medical Association. Additionally, you can look up for a job on Monster.
Once in Canada, you have to take into account that despite plentiful sources, many jobs are still hidden. It means there are jobs you won’t be able to find in the advertisement. You’ll have to make people know about yourself, that is, attend job fairs, contact employers, meet new people. One of the best ways to secure Canadian work experience is volunteering. You can find volunteer opportunities here.
However, prior to applying for a job in Yukon, you need to consider a few things. First, this is a Social Insurance Number without which you won’t be able to start working in Canada.
Secondly, you will need to get your education credentials and qualification assessed by the Canadian Center for International Credentials. In fact, there are many credential assessment agencies and you need to make sure you have chosen the right one. Foreign workers with skills in trade need a Red Seal certification. Finally, ensure your English or French language skill meets at least minimum standards. If you pass these steps, then as a foreign worker, you’ll need to find a Canadian employer who will be willing to secure for you a job offer so you can start the work permit application process.
Yukon has a primary and secondary education system as in other provinces of Canada, but major schools are in Whitehorse. As for post-secondary education, Yukon School of Visual Arts and Yukon College in Whitehouse are the only higher institutions in Yukon.
Although the Yukon College wasn't formally established until 1988 by the College Act, 1988, its predecessor, the Whitehorse Vocational Training School (later to become the Yukon Vocational and Technical Training Centre), opened in 1963 with a focus on teaching skills to help adults gain employment. In 1977 the territorial government made arrangements with the University of British Columbia to offer a one-time university-level Yukon Teacher Education Program. At its end, however, public demand for more local post-secondary services continued. The birth of Yukon College in 1983 was due to the territorial government’s dissatisfaction with the inadequate programming offered by the only training institute in the region, and the dissatisfaction of its electorate with the occasional extension courses offered through other universities. The research policies and initiatives of the college have also established a foundation of academic training.
In 2007, the Yukon School of Visual Arts was established to provide the foundational year of a Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA) or a Bachelor of Design (BDes). (Source: Wikipedia).
Yukon boasts a vibrant culture rooted in the northern tradition, such as First nations beliefs, the Francophone community (from the gold rush times), artifacts and architecture of the Klondike Gold Rush.
The local authorities encourage the development of crafts, especially, visual crafts. Klondike gold rush era is described in the poems of the English-born writer Robert W. Services. Artifacts of the gold rush are displayed in museums in Whitehorse and Dawson. Tourists enjoy visiting the Palace Grand Theatre in Dawson and MacBride Museum in downtown Whitehouse.
The Yukon Permanent Art Collection contains pieces of arts by acclaimed Yukon and Canadian artists depicting the Yukon’s heritage and culture. And there are eight distinct languages spoken by Yukon First Nation peoples.
Interestingly, Yukon is home to a film industry due to its beautiful locations and winter landscapes.
Yukon Main cities
Whitehorse is the only city in the Yukon with a population of around 30,000 residents. It is the largest community in the territory and the majority of the population lives there. Although the city is small, it is very diverse – there are French-speaking schools and a Filipino community.
Young population in Whitehorse can spend their time in a variety of ways. About 3000 people every day attend a Game Center. Long trails that stretch as far as 7000 km offer biking, hiking, and skiing. Parks in Whitehorse are beautiful. Schools are well equipped with sporting facilities and there’s striving business environment.
Tourism is quickly becoming one of the important economic pillars of this territory. So tourism in Whitehorse is well managed: there are three airlines. Approximately 250,000 travelers commute through the city every day.
Housing in Yukon
You can choose from different types of accommodation in Yukon. Apartment buildings are spacious and, usually, belong to one person or company available for rent. Studio assumes one room with a kitchen area and bathroom for one person. Families can find a larger apartment with more space, such as additional bedrooms, etc.
A large multi-unit building where each unit belongs to the inhabitant is a condominium; each unit is a condo. The so-called “town houses” represent a row of houses, which can be separated or individual. You can also find duplexes and triplexes in Yukon; these houses come in 2 or 3 separate apartments, one on top of another.
When you arrive in Yukon, the first two weeks you may choose to live in a temporary place. Use Yellow Pages to find a list of hotels or motels.
Canada Immigration Helpful Links
You can look for a home on your own or hire a real estate agent, which will also help you with a mortgage, insurance, and legal procedures. For a full list of certified real estate agents, check out the Yukon Real Estate Association.
These are common rental websites: Craigslist, Kijiji, Prop2Go.com, Zoeken Canada. To obtain more information on buying and renting a home in Yukon tenant and landlord rights, visit the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation.
People with low income can take advantage of affordable housing programs in Yukon. If you need a loan to buy, build or even repair your first house, visit the Funding and Loan page of the Yukon official website.
Any property requires insurance. If something bad happens to your property, like damage, the insurance will cover the cost of repairs. In fact, banks will not proceed with a mortgage without insurance. To find an insurance broker, check the Yellow Pages.
If you choose to rent an apartment, you will have to pay your monthly rent, including utilities. You might need to change additional costs for the parking place. As a rule, tenants must pay a security deposit, which they get back when they move out.
Pet lovers need to check with the landlord whether pets are legally allowed in the house you are planning to rent.
Yukon Nominee Program
The Yukon Nominee Program is an immigration program which supports Yukon’s labor market in partnership with the IRCC.
The Yukon Nominee Program covers three categories:
Skilled Worker Program
Eligible candidates must have a job offer from a YT employer. The applicant’s occupation must match NOC Level O, A or B; he should also have at least one year of full-time work experience for the nominated position. The candidate must provide a language test result (IELTS, CELPIP, or TEF Canada). Not the least, the applicant should have a proof of education/credentials for the job offered.
Critical Impact Worker Program
Eligible candidates must have a job offer from a YT employer. The applicant’s occupation must match NOC Level C or D; he should also have at least six months of full-time work experience in the nominated position. The candidate must provide a language test result (IELTS, CELPIP, or TEF Canada). Not the least, the applicant should have a proof of education/credentials for the job he received.
Business Nominee Program
Business owners and senior managers who wish to become permanent residents by opening, purchasing or developing the existing business in Yukon, should apply for the Business Nominee Program.