Prince Edward Island - is one of the so-called coastal provinces of Canada. The province is located about 200 km north of Halifax, New Scotia province and 600 km east of Quebec City, Quebec province. The province consists of the main island that carries the same name, and several smaller islands. The province has the smallest population of about 146 thousand people and the smallest area in comparison with all other provinces of Canada, totaling 5660 square kilometers. Prince Edward Island is the only province in Canada that does not have a land border.
The island has several unofficial names: Garden of the Gulf is the name given to the province because of extensive farmland, as well as Birthplace of Confederation or Cradle of Confederation because of the historic conference held in Charlottetown with representatives of the colonies that made up British North America to discuss the founding of the Canadian Confederation. The conference was held from September 1 to 9 of 1864.
The capital and the largest city of the province of Prince Edward Island, is the city of Charlottetown (Charlottetown) with a population of 35.5 thousand people.