Nova Scotia Location
The capital and the largest city is Halifax (population over 400,000). The Canadian province of Nova Scotia occupies the territory of the Nova Scotia peninsula and the island of Cape Breton. There is small island Sable, which is connected with the continent (the province of New Brunswick) by a narrow isthmus. The coastal strip of the province is 10,427 km. From the south and east, the coast is washed by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean, in the north is the Gulf of St. Lawrence, in the west - the Bay of Fundy. Its area is 55 284 km ². Nova Scotia is larger than Denmark but smaller than Scotland.
Back in the time when the majority of people traveled to Canada by boat, Pier 21 was the place where almost all newcomers to Canada first landed, making it an important destination for Canadian immigration. Nova Scotia is also the native place of Canadian’s oldest African-Canadian Community.
Nova Scotia Economy
Fishing industry plays an important role in the development of the province. Nova Scotia is famous for its fish supplies. The export value of fish products exceeds $ 1 billion.
Mining is another major industry in Nova Scotia. The coal used to be the leading mined product, but many coal mines closed in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. Salt and a hydrate production are growing, and the provincial gypsum deposits profit represents about 3/4 of Canada’s supply. The coal and gypsum are extracted from the island Sable on the sea shelf.
There are plentiful deposits of barite and construction materials, such as sand and gravel.
The continent’s first tidal energy project, finished in 1984 near Annapolis Royal, employs the tides of the Bay of Fundy to increase the province’s hydroelectric energy output. Natural gas is pumped from wells from off Sable Island and transported to the mainland via pipeline.
The provincial economy strongly relies on manufacturing, which includes food processing, wood- and paper-related industries, metal production, and other smaller industries.
The tourism industry of Nova Scotia is an actively developing industry. Annually 200 thousand passengers on cruise ships travel through the port of Halifax. This industry produces an average of 1.3 billion a year. The province also hosts film festivals.
Nova Scotia Employment
Most Nova Scotian residents work in public and private services. Tourism is especially a dynamic service industry. Over a million tourists come to the province each year. More than one-fourth of the provincial labor force works in knowledge-based service industries. These are telecommunications, computer technology, and education.
Significantly, there are more teachers and university professors in Nova Scotia than fish-processing, forestry, and construction workers altogether. Also important for the economy are several Canadian Forces military bases located within the province.
The average annual income of a family in Nova Scotia is 67,000 Canadian dollars. GDP per capita is 38 thousand dollars.
Nova Scotia Immigration Helpful Links
Those willing to find a job in Nova Scotia can avail of a few online resources. A very common resource for job search is Job Bank the government website that helps you find jobs in any city of the province. Career Beacons and Careers Nova Scotia are the largest sites with job listings.
You can explore more opportunities on the Nova Scotia official website. The provincial government of Nova Scotia offers a few helpful online resources for potential newcomers: Before you arrive in the province, go to Settlement Online Pre-Arrival. Once in Canada, visit the following websites: Labour Market Service and Regional Newcomer Gateways.Skill Match Immigrant Services Association is assisting newcomer job seekers connect with employers in Nova Scotia.
For jobs in the tech field, TechPortJobs provides a full list of current job announcements. Available positions in health occupations can be found here. In addition, great job search engines are Monster, WowJobs, Workopolis, and Indeed.
Once in Canada, you have to take into account that despite plentiful sources, many jobs are still hidden. It means there are jobs you won't be able to find in the advertisement. You’ll have to make people know about yourself, that is, attend job fairs, contact employers, meet new people. One of the best ways to secure Canadian work experience is volunteering. You can find volunteer opportunities here.
However, prior to applying for a job in Saskatchewan, you need to consider a few things. First, this is a Social Insurance Number without which you won’t be able to start working in Canada. Secondly, you will need to get your education credentials and qualifications assessed by the Canadian Center for International Credentials. In fact, there are many credential assessment agencies and you need to make sure you have chosen the right one. Foreign workers with skills in trade need a Red Seal certification. Finally, ensure your English or French language skill meets at least minimum standards. If you pass these steps, then as a foreign worker, you’ll need to find a Canadian employer who will be willing to secure for you a job offer.
Nova Scotia Education
There are more than 450 public schools in Nova Scotia, as well as private schools. Length of education is 12 years.
In 1988, Nova Scotia Community College was opened, which united a few professional provincial schools. The college includes 13 buildings scattered throughout several parts of the province. The structure includes four institutes: Marine Technologies, Fisheries, Aviation and Center for Geographical Sciences.
By training 24,000 students a year, the NSCC is preparing the best technical professionals in the province. There are 10 universities, including the University of Dalhousie, the University of the Royal College, the University of St. Mary, and others.
Nova Scotia offers excellent education. The quality of education doesn’t depend on the size of the province, because the system is built to provide equal opportunities regardless of the province. It means that students should expect a high value for their money when they choose to study in Nova Scotia. Compared to other provinces, tuition fees are lower here. Whether on or off campus, you will be able to afford all of your living costs. You can be sure that the knowledge you get in the province, will place you on top of the market anywhere in the world.
Nova Scotia Culture
Nova Scotia is a center for the development of art. There are many places where everyone can have a chance to see amazing works of old as well as modern talents (the art gallery of Nova Scotia, the theater of Neptune, etc.). The College of Art and Design is located in Halifax, providing a comprehensive education in the field.
The province is famous for its beautiful sculptures and artists. For example, Maria Morris, Jack L. Gre, Ernest Lawson, Francis Bannerman, George Lang, and has also been a birthplace of famous film actors - Ellen Page was born in Halifax, Arthur Kennedy - five-time Oscar nominee.
Sport is an important part of the culture of Nova Scotia. There are numerous semiprofessional, university, amateur sports teams in the province, for example, "Halifax Mooseheads" - a champion of the Canadian Hockey Cup in 2013.
The Jewish community of Halifax continues to grow and now it is the largest community to the east of Montreal. About 1,500 Jews and various organizations have been operating since the 1920s. Earlier, the Jewish community of Halifax successfully helped Jews, both, in immigration to Canada and in adaptation in the country. But recently, its support is intended more for those who are already in the country.
Life in this province is simple and relaxed, thus the culture is perceived in this way. Residents in Nova Scotia have both – breathtaking scenery, clean air, vast and open spaces, the pacifying sound of the ocean, and growing economy.
What can be found in big cities is also available in this small province. Grocery stores provide a wide range of food products, and they also have their favorite shopping malls. You can spend your time with friends in a cozy café, visit art galleries and museums.
Halifax boasts to be an artistic community, offering multiple grants and college programs available to local musicians, actors, photographers, and all different artists in the city. Big celebrities come to Halifax, so you can have a very vibrant big-name concert experience. Local bars also host popular musicians and are always looking for new musical acts and independent theaters. In summer and spring, you can enjoy a stroll along a beach.
Nova Scotia Main Cities
The main city in Nova Scotia is Halifax – an economic center of Atlantic Canada. The capital has been serving as one of Canada’s most important ports for newcomers. A population of Halifax exceeds 400,000. Halifax’s Pier 21 used to be the main entry point for immigrants, now has been converted into an immigration museum.
Acting as a provincial capital, the government is the main job provider in the Halifax area. Canada’s Department of Nova Scotia and the office of the Government of Nova Scotia, are located in Halifax. Port of Halifax is another employer in the city. Offshore oil and gas production sector is on-demand. Service industry and many private sector companies are represented here.
Halifax can be an excellent destination for immigrants. There are several universities and lots of schools. Students receive a comprehensive education in Halifax because the quality of education doesn’t depend on the size of the province. Moreover, compared to other provinces, tuition fees are lower there.
Then, all the good things in large cities can also be found in Halifax. The capital is even famous for its nightlife. It has the most bars per capita in all of North America. Add music festivals, large art shows, pop up beer gardens which seem to take place every week in Halifax. Bars are always looking for new musical acts, local musicians avail of different grants and college programs designed for them.
Halifax has lots of green space. There are tons of community tennis courts, running routes, skate parks and bike paths throughout the city.
As mentioned above, Halifax is the second port in North America. So the infrastructure there is fantastic, making export and import business easy. As a financial center, the city has the major banks and the entrepreneurial spirit is quite vibrant in Halifax. And in fact, the province is considered to have one of the highest rates of successful new businesses. There are many small business grants and loans available in the Nova Scotia government in an attempt to make Halifax a place where young business owners can thrive.
Housing in Nova Scotia
Houses in Nova Scotia are not expensive compared to other provinces. You can buy or rent a house, but many newcomers prefer to buy their own homes. You can choose from different types of accommodation.
Apartment buildings are spacious and, usually, have one landlord. Studio assumes one room with a kitchen area and bathroom for one person. Families can find a larger apartment with more space, such as additional bedrooms, etc. A large multi-unit building where each unit belongs to the inhabitant is a condominium, and each unit is called a condo. The so-called “townhouses” represent a row of houses, which can be separated or individual.
Nova Scotia Housing Helpful information
Once in Nova Scotia, You can look for a home on your own or hire a real estate agent, which will also help you with a mortgage, insurance, and legal procedures. For a full list of certified real estate agents, check out the Nova Scotia Realtors Association . The agents can also be found in the telephone directory and in local newspapers. Your bank will also be able to help you out.
You can look for appropriate accommodation on Kijiji, Zoeken and Craigslist. People with low income can take advantage of the Co-Operative Housing and Public housing program. In co-operative housing, some tenants cover rent based on their income, while others pay market price rent. The idea is they together share responsibility for the housing. Under the government Public Housing, tenants pay rent based on their income.
To obtain more information on buying and renting a home in Nova Scotia visit the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) and the Residential Tenancies section of the Access Nova Scotia website.
Any property requires insurance. If something bad happens to your property, like damage, the insurance will cover the cost of repairs. In fact, banks will not proceed with a mortgage without insurance.
If you choose to rent you will have to pay your monthly rent, including utilities. You might need to pay for the parking place as well. As a rule, tenants must pay a security deposit, which they get back when they move out.
Pet lovers need to check with the landlord whether pets are legally allowed in the house they are planning to rent.
Immigration to Canada through the province of Nova Scotia is one of the easiest ways to obtain the status of permanent residence in Canada. The Immigration Program of Nova Scotia has its own rules and selection criteria established by local immigration authorities. The Nova Scotia Provincial Nominee Program offers several categories or streams. Those wishing to immigrate to Canada through Nova Scotia must meet the requirements of one of the categories listed below.
The NSNP accepts applications for the following immigration streams:
Nova Scotia Demand: Express Entry
This program works under the federal Express Entry system, which means that eligible candidates must first create a profile in the Express Entry. This stream is for highly qualified specialists with higher education and work experience that will allow them to successfully adapt and live in the province of Nova Scotia. Under the Nova Scotia Demand, you can apply for Category A, which requires a job offer or Category B, for candidates with work experience in the listed occupations.
To apply for the B Category, candidates must have a job offer (under in-demand occupational list) from a Canadian employer in Nova Scotia; the labor agreement should last at least for one year. In addition, candidates should have at least one year of skilled work experience and their employer must provide an LMIA.
The applicants also must provide a language test certificate (IELTS, CELPIP, or TEF Canada).
Not the least, they should demonstrate the intention to settle permanently in the province and the ability to support themselves financially. And finally, candidates must have an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) of their high school diploma.
The requirements for the B Category are similar with the only exception that it doesn’t require an employment offer. However, both categories impose the minimum score of 67 on the stream’s selection factors.
Nova Scotia Experience: Express Entry
As the Nova Scotia Demand Stream, this program operates under the federal Express Entry system, which means that eligible candidates must first create a profile in the Express Entry.
To apply for the Nova Scotia Experience, candidates must have at least one year of work experience in Nova Scotia. No job offer is needed. In addition, candidates should have at least one year of skilled work experience and their employer must provide an LMIA.
The applicants also must prove language ability in English or French (IELTS, CELPIP, or TEF Canada) on the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) – CLB 7 under NOC 0 or A and CLB 5 under NOC B. Not the least, they should demonstrate the intention to settle permanently in the province. And finally, candidates must have an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) of their high school diploma.
Nova Scotia Skilled Worker Stream
The Skilled Worker stream allows employers to hire foreign workers and recently graduated international students whose skills are in high demand in Nova Scotia. A company or business can only recruit foreign workers for positions they have been unable to fill with permanent residents or Canadian citizens.
Eligible candidates must have a job offer from an employer in Nova Scotia. While high skilled should have at least one year of skilled work experience, semi-skilled and the low-skilled worker must have six months’ work experience. The applicants also must prove language ability in English or French on the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) – CLB 4, if English or French is their second language. Not the least, they should demonstrate the intention to settle permanently in the province and the ability to support themselves financially. And finally, candidates must have relevant training or accreditation for their job.
Nova Scotia Entrepreneur Stream
The Entrepreneur Stream is for business owners or senior business managers who intend to live in Nova Scotia. They must open a new business, or buy an existing business. It’s important they are actively and regularly involved in the management of the business. If the business proves to be successful, the entrepreneur may receive a nomination for permanent resident status.
Nova Scotia International Graduate Entrepreneur Stream
The International Graduate Entrepreneur Stream is open to university graduates who have completed at least two years of full-time study in provincially recognized universities or colleges, have worked for their business in the province for at least one year and intend to permanently reside in Nova Scotia.
Nova Scotia Physician Stream
Through this stream, the Nova Scotia Health Authority (NSHA) and the Izaak Walton Killam Health Centre (IWK) can recruit general practitioners, family physicians, and specialist physicians to work in Nova Scotia. The stream assists the NSHA and IWK to hire and retain physicians with the required skills for positions that they couldn’t fill with a permanent resident or Canadian citizen.
Nova Scotia Labor Market Priorities
The program is for qualified professionals who already have a profile in the federal Express Entry system. Before candidates can reply, they must receive a Letter of Interest. Eligible candidates must meet work experience requirements under the Express Entry. They should be a bachelor’s degree holder and must have completed three or more years if their study program.
The applicants also must prove language ability in English or French on the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) – CLB 5 in English or CLB 7 in French. Not the least, they should demonstrate the intention to settle permanently in the province and the ability to support themselves financially.