Location

Quebec is a province located in eastern Canada, the first by area and the second by population after Ontario. Mostly French-speaking (French is the only official language), Quebec is east of Ontario; west of Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island; south of the territory of Nunavut and, finally, is bordered by the states of New York, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine. The administrative center of Quebec is Quebec City with 735 thousand inhabitants, and the largest city - Montreal, which is Canada's second largest city.

Quebec is a uniquely North American tourist destination. This is one of the few historical areas of North America, where French-speaking culture is fully preserved. European roots are felt in its history, culture, way of life, and this has made Quebec a favorite destination for many people at the national and international level.

Economy and Employment

Quebec enjoys abundant resources and energy, as well as strong agriculture, manufacturing and service sectors. Sectors, such as forestry and mining are allocated throughout the province. Its hydro-electric plants are in its east and its far north. Montreal is considered to be an economic center.

Products like air traffic, control equipment, software, subway trains, helicopters, compact disks, air purifiers, and toys are produced by the manufacturing sector. There are a few companies in space and aeronautics, telecommunications, energy and transportation in Montreal. Quebec is also an important exporter of its local production, including electricity, engineering know-how, electronic products, and telecommunication equipment.

The province is famous for its beautiful landmarks, sightseeing places, so tourism is an important part of the Quebec economy. In recent years, the province of Quebec saw the largest employment gain. For example, in June 2017, the employment rose to 28,000. The Ministère du Travail, de l'Emploi et de la Solidarité sociale has the lead responsibility in various areas of employment and workforce.

The Ministère works together with national, regional and local partners and in close cooperation with various community organizations, operating in such areas as employment and poverty alleviation.

 
Education

There are ten universities in Quebec. These institutions are partially government and publicly funded.

Quebec province can boast one of the comprehensive systems of education in North America, offering competitive and worldwide recognized programs. The study programs correspond to modern requirements and are renewed on the regular basis. Quebec government puts education on the top priority list, so it allocates different funding, which exceeds an average indicator in Canada’s other provinces.

There’s one more advantage – annual education fee is one of the lowest in Canada. After completing secondary school, students may attend free pre-university or vocational programs through the province’s CEGEP. These schools offer, with free tuition, either two-year pre-university programs or three-year vocational programs for diplomas. Quebec chose this

structure for its educational system in order to ensure that at least some amount of post-secondary education is universally accessible.

Quebec is the only province, where a vast number of inhabitants are French-speaking. Accordingly, more than 80% of the population speak the French language. However, there are colleges and universities that offer study in English. There are four prestigious universities in Canada – French University de Montreal and the University of Quebec in Montreal (UQAM), also English speaking universities - McGill University and Concordia University.

Culture

Quebec is a unique place in the whole of North America. And this is not just about its territory in this part of the world where French dominates but in a special, unique culture. The first settlers from France brought their traditions to these lands at the beginning of the XVII century, but as time passed, it brought significant changes in the customs, religious views, and life of Quebecers.

European culture combined with Indian identity, English conservatism, American multinationalism, didn’t dissolve, but, on the contrary, was able to preserve that colorful core which is inherent only to the French. You can refer to this special culture as neither American, nor European, but more primordially Quebec. And this uniqueness is demonstrated in folklore, literature, architecture, even in the unusual atmosphere that reigns in Quebec.

The fine art of Quebec includes about 75 art schools, 75 centers of contemporary art, more than 180 professional galleries. The development of the Quebec cinema began in the middle of the last century and gained considerable success among the audience. A huge contribution to the film industry of the province was made by Manon Brian, Gilles Charles, Francois Girard, Denis Vilnov and others.

Despite its small population, Quebec is featured by a huge number of media representatives: a variety of printed publications in many languages of the world, about 150 radio stations, television networks. The most popular educational and cultural channel in Quebec, Télé-Québec, broadcasts cultural diversity, reflects social realities, pays attention to the environmental problems, promotes development and education of children, informs the inhabitants about events in all fields of science and life in general.

The uniqueness of Quebec can be noticed right away, first of all, in its architecture. Nowhere in North America will you find so many buildings decorated with picturesque patterns, statues, marble, arches and columns, as it was accustomed in Europe. Despite the tendency towards modernity, very often, especially in rural areas of the province, you can see buildings that have preserved all the charm of past centuries. At the same time, the harsh winters made their corrections to the architecture: the buildings were warmed and became similar to the houses of the English with small windows, traditional fireplaces. The cities, such as Quebec and Montreal, absorbed both cultures: The North American skyscrapers coexist with elegant buildings of European style.

Quebec Main Cities

Montreal

Montreal is Canada's second largest metropolis (4 million people, including suburbs), it’s unofficial cultural and entertainment capital. With a low cost of living, as well as the thriving IT sector, moving to the capital of Quebec can be an excellent choice for IT professionals wishing to immerse themselves in the French-speaking environment with the ability to communicate in English.

Montreal is located in the south-west of Quebec, only seventy kilometers from the Canadian-American border. The name comes from the mountain (in French "Mont Royal"), on which the northwestern part of downtown is built. The city is surrounded from all sides by the waters of the rivers St. Lawrence and Ottawa, which are connected with this place. Thus, the townspeople live on a peculiar island, and to leave the city line, one must move through at least one bridge. Montreal is the world's largest city after Paris, where population mostly speaks French.

The townspeople are very proud of the hill which is 233 meters in height, nicknamed Royal Mountain. Three peaks are visible when approaching the city. Few big cities can boast an oasis of wildlife in the middle of the city. In the winter, Mont Royal becomes a favorite place of leisure for the townspeople. Here you can ski, skate or play snowballs, and during other three seasons just enjoy the park area on the shores of an artificial lake, or stroll along the paths, competing for space with runners and cyclists. There is an observation platform on the hill, which offers a beautiful view of the center, and on days when the sky is clear, you can see the US states of New York and Vermont.

Real estate rental prices are lower than in English-speaking Canada. Utilities are inexpensive, but the cost of food is kept at an average level. In general, the cost of living in Montreal is affordable, but this is compensated with relatively small salaries and high Quebec taxes. Montreal is also interesting by its "underground", officially known as RESO, and commonly called la ville souterraine. It is a huge underground labyrinth with a length of 32 kilometers with 120 entry points, connecting subway stations, bus stops, shopping centers, offices, apartments, banks, universities (McGill and Montreal), bus station and Bell Center arena.

The uniqueness of Quebec can be noticed right away, first of all, in its architecture. Nowhere in North America will you find so many buildings decorated with picturesque patterns, statues, marble, arches and columns, as it was accustomed in Europe. Despite the tendency towards modernity, very often, especially in rural areas of the province, you can see buildings that have preserved all the charm of past centuries. At the same time, the harsh winters made their corrections to the architecture: the buildings were warmed and became similar to the houses of the English with small windows, traditional fireplaces. The cities, such as Quebec and Montreal, absorbed both cultures: The North American skyscrapers coexist with elegant buildings of European style.

Quebec City
 

Quebec is the oldest city in North America. It was founded in 1608 by the French explorer Samuel de Champlain on the banks of the St. Lawrence River. Until then, all other French settlements were being created as temporary trading posts, but the expanding needs and the growing population of the French colony in the New World required the creation of a permanent habitat. Soon Quebec became the center of New France, and retained this status for centuries, despite short periods of British rule. In the XIX century Quebec gave way to economic and political leadership to Montreal, but still remains the administrative center of the province.

The road between Montreal and Quebec City is part of a trans-Canadian highway that starts in the easternmost part of the country - in St. John's on the island of Newfoundland on the Atlantic coast, and ends in the west - in Victoria on Vancouver Island on the Pacific coast.

The most interesting part of the city is its historical center, the old city. It is divided into upper and lower. The old part of the city is behind the fortress wall, built in the XVII century. It is believed that Quebec City is the only walled city in North America outside of Mexico. Most of the wall, although reconstructed, still exists.

Notre Dame de Quebec Cathedral is the main Catholic church of the country, the residence of the head of the Roman Catholic Church of Canada. Rebuilt many times, the church exists in this place since 1647.

Many residents work in the information and the service sector. Government administration creates most of the jobs, the same is with the region’s universities and colleges. Local history and natural beauty, making tourism a major industry in Quebec City.

Immigration to Quebec

The Canadian province of Quebec attracts a wide range of skilled workers, businessmen, family members of Quebecers and refugees.

The province uses a system called “Arima” similar to the Express Entry with requirements different from those of federal and other provincial immigration programs. So those who want to immigrate to Quebec must submit an expression of interest. If selected, applicants receive an invitation from the Quebec Ministry of Immigration. After receiving an invitation, they are expected to apply for a permanent selection by sending the ministry the necessary documents.

Quebec runs the following immigration programs:

Quebec Skilled Worker Program – for candidates who have the required skills to contribute to the province of Quebec;
Quebec Business Immigration – for investors, entrepreneurs and self-employed;
Quebec Experience Program – for those who are already living in Quebec.